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Article by Harvard University, Five Numbers to Remember about Early Childhood Development Summary and analysis by Alexander Rijo.

    In “Five Numbers to Remember about  Early Childhood Development” the author is talking about how the early years of a childhood matter. The author lists five key concepts that illustrate the importance of early childhood to learning and also shows how important it is to treat your child with love and kindness. The article states, “The early years matter because, in the first few years of life, more than 1 million new neural connections are formed every second.” The second fact explains that  the connection that adults or their parents have with their baby affects their brain depending on how the parents communicate with them. The vocabulary of the baby or the knowledge of the child differs from the status of their parents; a child with educated parent have more cumulative vocabulary (words) than a parent that is on welfare.  The third point is that the maltreatment of children have risk of having one or more delays in their cognitive, language, or emotional development. The author then explains that early traumatic experiences can also affect the child in the long term. As the child grows and becomes an adult, the child might have health problems like diabetes and heart problems. The last concept is that early childhood programs have a high return on investment, which means these programs are setting children up for success.


Here is a picture of the neural connections a child makes in when is born, 6 six and 14 years old, according to the article.

       This particular article relates to trauma because when parents have children they should know how to take care of them. It is a big issue, escpailly in my community,  because sometimes the parents are not ready to have a child or they have it by accident, and the kid is the one that is going to suffer because, the parent might not know how to make a connection with the child. I think that parents should be taught how take care of a baby because they might not ever learned or learned incorrect or harmful information. It also relates to toxic stress, which is the changes that happen in the body as a result of being exposed to high doses of adversity in childhood. The article relates to toxic stress because if  this types of adversities happen to a child, it affects the kid negatively because a child’s brain is forming and making this new neural connections that will last a lifetime. Some of this adversities can cause damage in different ways like, being behind other students when they reach school, don’t get the things that the teacher is teaching, the adversity can even get under the skin and goes into the body, with effects that can affect the child’s mental and physical health.

        This relates to my personal life in many ways. I have been, and I  still am in a situation of taking care of my younger nieces and nephews , and sometimes I just do not know what to do to make sure they are fine. It is hard to know if I am giving them the right amount of food  or how to handle situation when they start crying. After I read this article, it changed the way I interact with the kids because now I know a lot more about how my action now affect their future. For example, I will now not let my nephew cry until he fall asleep because I know that he is making a ton of new neural connection each second and I want all of them to be as positive as I can make them . It’s also important to know that it is not only me that is taking care of a  younger family member. Not everybody knows how to take care of children in a positive way.It is important to not only  teach parents  ways to take care of babies and young children, but also the older siblings should be taught. Teaching parents and siblings could really change the life of a young child because it would prevent some of the diseases and damages cause by ACEs and trauma. It will also help them with their lives when they get older, and help them succeed in life.


1 Comment

  1. Marty Lees says:

    Wow. That is true understanding being lived out. I wish others were so wise. I have taught ACES in jail and has the chief warden complain. Did not understand. Thank you for the example and putting yourself out there.

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